The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … These local princes were effective at maintaining British rule and gained much from being loyal to the British.
Why did the British give freedom to India?
Due to the Naval Mutiny, Britain decided to leave India in a hurry because they were afraid that if the mutiny spread to the army and police, there would be large scale killing of Britishers all over India. Hence Britain decided to transfer power at the earliest.
What was the main purpose of British rule in India?
The sole purpose of the British colonial rule in India was to reduce the country to being a raw material supplier for Great Britain’s own rapidly expanding modem industrial base.
Why did India appeal to the British?
India was the jewel in the crown of the British Empire.
As well as spices, jewels and textiles, India had a huge population. Soldiering was an honourable tradition in India and the British capitalised on this. They regimented India’s manpower as the backbone of their military power.
How did India become free of British rule?
India became independent after a long struggle for its self-determination. … In July 1947 the British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act, which led to India’s independence on August 15, 1947.
What would happen if India still under British rule?
If India was still being ruled by the Britishers, there would have surely been much better infrastructure but it was possible that most of the Indians would have either died in the wars of other countries or would have continued to be slaves of the Britishers living in India.
Was India rich before British rule?
From 1 century CE till the start of British colonisation in India in 17th century, India’s GDP always varied between ~25 – 35% world’s total GDP, which dropped to 2% by Independence of India in 1947. At the same time, the Britain’s share of the world economy rose from 2.9% in 1700 up to 9% in 1870 alone.
What did British do to India?
The British were able to take control of India mainly because India was not united. The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. … They often left the local princes in charge of the various parts of India.
What would India be like without British rule?
India had always been a peaceful nation and would have nothing to with the World War II had it not been under the rule of the British. … The unscrupulous wartime policies of the British to supply food to soldiers at war led to the shortage of food in Bengal and Bihar causing millions of deaths out of starvation.
How did the British exploit India?
The British East India Company made its sneaky entry through the Indian port of Surat in 1608. … After the Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, the British government assumed full control, dissolving the trading company. Imperial rule destroyed India’s local hand loom industry to fund its own industrialization.
What was India like before British rule?
Before the advent of colonial rule, India was a self-sufficient and flourishing economy. Evidently, our country was popularly known as the golden eagle. India had already established itself on the world map with a decent amount of exports.
When did Britain gain control over India?
On August 2, 1858, Parliament passed the Government of India Act, transferring British power over India from the company to the crown.
How many Indians died under British rule?
Contrary to the myth that Britain gave many ‘gifts’ to India, the British Raj was a cruel and oppressive regime responsible for the deaths of an estimated 1.8 billion Indians.
Is India still under British?
The Dominion of India, officially the Union of India, was an independent dominion in the British Commonwealth of Nations existing between 15 August 1947 and 26 January 1950.
Dominion of India.
|Union of India|
|• 1947–1950||George VI|
|• 1947–1948||Lord Mountbatten|
Was Gandhi the main reason for Indian independence?
After India’s independence in 1947, the Chief Justice of the Calcutta High Court asked Atlee about Gandhi’s influence upon the British decision to quit India. … He said the principal reasons why Britain decided to quit India was the erosion of loyalty to the British Crown among the army and navy personnel.