Why did the American Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee in 1973?

In particular, they sought the removal of tribal chairman Dick Wilson, whom many Oglala living on the reservation thought corrupt. … Efforts to remove Wilson by impeaching him had failed, and so Oglala Lakota tribal leaders turned to AIM for help in removing him by force. Their answer was to occupy Wounded Knee.

Why did the Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee?

Members of the American Indian Movement occupy a trading post at Wounded Knee, South Dakota, on the Pine Ridge Reservation. The conflict originated in an attempt to impeach the chairman of the Oglala Lakota Tribe. … The siege lasted 71 days, resulted in the deaths of two Indians, and captured national media attention.

What was Wounded Knee and why was it significant?

Wounded Knee Massacre, (December 29, 1890), the slaughter of approximately 150–300 Lakota Indians by United States Army troops in the area of Wounded Knee Creek in southwestern South Dakota. The massacre was the climax of the U.S. Army’s late 19th-century efforts to repress the Plains Indians.

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Why did aim the American Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee quizlet?

A Native American organization founded in 1968 to protest government policies and injustices suffered by Native Americans; in 1973, organized the armed occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota., led by Dennis Banks and Russell Means; purpose was to obtain equal rights for Native Americans.

Why is it called Wounded Knee?

Wounded Knee Creek is a tributary of the White River, approximately 100 miles (160 km) long, in Oglala Lakota County, South Dakota in the United States. … The creek’s name recalls an incident when a Native American sustained an injury to his knee during a fight.

What was the goal of American Indian Movement?

Its goals eventually encompassed the entire spectrum of Indian demands—economic independence, revitalization of traditional culture, protection of legal rights, and, most especially, autonomy over tribal areas and the restoration of lands that they believed had been illegally seized.

What did Wounded Knee accomplish?

Wounded Knee Massacre, (December 29, 1890), the slaughter of approximately 150–300 Lakota Indians by United States Army troops in the area of Wounded Knee Creek in southwestern South Dakota. The massacre was the climax of the U.S. Army’s late 19th-century efforts to repress the Plains Indians.

What caused the Wounded Knee massacre quizlet?

What events led to the Wounded Knee Massacre? Wovoka was a Paiute who encouraged native american to leave the reservations and to perform the Ghost Dance in the hopes of regaining their previous way of life. The army captured the dancers, someone fired a shot and the army killed about 300 men, women, and children.

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Why has Wounded Knee SD become a symbol in the struggle for Native American civil rights?

Why has Wounded Knee, SD become a symbol in the struggle for the Native American civil rights? … An Indian may have fired the first shot, but the battle soon turned into a one-sided massacre, as the white soldiers turned their new machine guns on the Indians and mowed them down in the snow.

What happened at Wounded Knee quizlet?

1890- the US Army slaughtered 300 unarmed Sioux women, children, and elders on the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota; the last of the so-called “Indian Wars.” It was subsequently described as a “massacre” by General Nelson A. … 2/3 of the Indians killed were women and children.

What is the significance of the occupation of Wounded Knee in 1973 quizlet?

-The significance of the Occupation of Wounded Knee is that it showed the United States government that the American Indians were done being treated poorly and they would use violence if they had to in order to keep their culture alive.

Which is the reason that AIM chose Wounded Knee South Dakota for their protest occupation quizlet?

Answer: The AIM chose Wounded Knee, South Dakota, for their protest occupation in 1973 because of its emblematic character, since there had been a bloody battle almost a century before that supposed the definitive end of the indigenous resistance.