Who came first in India Dutch or Portuguese?

Detailed Solution. The correct answer is Portuguese. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean at Calicut in India. Portuguese were followed by the Dutch when they tried to enter the Indian market in the middle of the 16th century.

Who comes first in India Dutch or Portuguese?

Those were: Portuguese, Dutch (Holland, now the Netherlands), British, Danish (Denmark), French. Complete answer: The 1st person to achieve India circumnavigating the Cape of excellent Hope was Portuguese navigator VASCO-DA-GAMA. He landed at Calicut (Kerala) and was welcomed by Zamorin (ruler).

Who came to India first?

Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.

When did Dutch came to India?

History. Dutch presence on the Indian subcontinent lasted from 1605 to 1825. Merchants of the Dutch East India Company first established themselves in Dutch Coromandel, notably Pulicat, as they were looking for textiles to exchange with the spices they traded in the East Indies.

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When did Portugal came to India?

The first Portuguese encounter with the subcontinent was on 20 May 1498 when Vasco da Gama reached Calicut on the Malabar Coast.

Who defeated Dutch in India?

In 1741, a battle was fought at Kulachal between the Dutch East India Company and the ruler of Travancore, Anizham Tirunal Martanda Varma (1729 – 1758). In the 1741 battle of Kulachal, the Travancore Prince defeated the Dutch marking the eclipse of the Dutch power in India forcing them to pack off to Batavia (Djkarta).

Which European nations came to India at first?

It was the Portuguese who first discovered a direct sea route to India. Portuguese sailor Vasco da Gama arrived at Calicut an important seaport located in South-West India on May 20, 1498 AD.

Why did Europeans came to India?

Why Europeans came to India? Trade in Agro-based product like Cotton and handicrafts was the major reason which led to the advent of Europeans. India was the major source of the spices. Some spices have antibiotic properties and they were also used to preserve the food.

Who ruled India before 1947?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

Is Indian civilization the oldest?

The Indus civilization was the earliest known urban culture of the Indian subcontinent—one of the world’s three earliest civilizations, along with Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt.

Who was the first Dutch came to India?

Huyghen van Linschoten. The Dutch pioneer in the matter of the discovery of commercial possibilities in India and the east was Huyghen van Linschoten. He was a merchant who travelled extensively within the Portuguese territories and served as secretary of the Portuguese Viceroy in India from 1583 to 1589.

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Who defeated Portuguese in India?

In 1961, the Indian army invaded the state after the Portuguese fired at Indian fishing boats, killing one fisherman. After 36 hours of air, sea and land strikes by the army, General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, governor general of Goa, signed the “instrument of surrender”, handing over Goan territory to India.

How did Dutch came to India?

In 1602, the United East India Company of the Netherlands was formed and given permission by the Dutch government to trade in the East Indies including India. The Dutch founded their first factory in Masaulipatam in Andhra Pradesh in 1605. Subsequently they also established trading centres in various parts of India.

When did Dutch leave India?

Dutch East India Company

Native name Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie Generale Vereenichde Geoctrooieerde Compagnie (original name) Verenigde Nederlandsche Geoctroyeerde Oostindische Compagnie (formal name)
Defunct 31 December 1799
Fate Dissolved and nationalised as Dutch East Indies

Where did the Dutch established their first factory in India?

In India, Dutch established their first factory in Masulipatnam in 1605. Masaulipatam is the second largest port in the province and also the port was under the control of Dutch and East Indies companies.

Why did the Portuguese came to India?

The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. … Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade.

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