The violent legacy of Indian Partition. In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
How was India divided when it gained independence?
Today marks 70 years of the Independence of India, but when India gained Independence from Britain it also was divided into the mainly Hindu country of India and the Muslim country of Pakistan. … As the country was split divided by religion, Muslims moved into the new land of Pakistan and Hindu and Sikhs to India.
How did Indian Independence Act of 1947 divided India?
Division of British India into the two new dominions – the Dominion of India and the Dominion of Pakistan – with effect from 15 August 1947; Partition of the provinces of Bengal and Punjab between the two new countries; … Termination of British suzerainty over the princely states, with effect from 15 August 1947.
How was the Indian subcontinent divided after independence was granted in 1947?
On 2 June 1947 the last Viceroy of India, Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten, announced that Britain had accepted that the country should be divided into a mainly Hindu India and the mainly Muslim East Pakistan and West Pakistan (now Bangladesh).
Which theory was behind the partition of India in 1947?
The partition was caused in part by the two-nation theory presented by Syed Ahmed Khan. Pakistan became a Muslim country, and India became a majority Hindu but secular country.
What happened in the year 1947 in India?
The Indian Independence Bill, which carves the independent nations of India and Pakistan out of the former Mogul Empire, comes into force at the stroke of midnight on August 15, 1947.
Why was India divided?
They weren’t happy about things like economic problems as a result of rules put on them by the British. There was also a lot of tension between Hindus and Muslims. In the years leading up to independence, the idea for the new independent region to be divided into two separate states – India and Pakistan – was born.
Who Divided India from Pakistan?
Further, the Boundary Commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe, decided on the territorial demarcation between the two newly-created provinces. Power was transferred to Pakistan and India on 14 and 15 August, respectively, under the Indian Independence Act 1947.
What was Pakistan called before?
The history of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan began on 14 August 1947 when the country became an independent nation in the form of Dominion of Pakistan within the British Commonwealth as the result of Pakistan Movement and the partition of India.
History of Pakistan (1947–present)
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Why did the partition of India in 1947 prove to be very painful?
The leaders of the two countries handled it properly. People were divided on the basis of language. It was the largest, most abrupt, unplanned, and tragic transfer of population.
When was India divided?
The Great Divide. The violent legacy of Indian Partition. In August, 1947, when, after three hundred years in India, the British finally left, the subcontinent was partitioned into two independent nation states: Hindu-majority India and Muslim-majority Pakistan.
What happened in the year 1947?
India and Pakistan gain independence from Great Britain. More Information and Timeline for India and Pakistan Independence. India and Pakistan become independent nations on August 15 after the Indian Independence Bill goes into effect. The countries had previously been under British rule for over two hundred years.
Why was Pakistan split into two parts?
The division was based on religious lines, a Muslim majority in Pakistan and a Hindu majority in India. Pakistan itself was split into two parts in the east (East Bengal, which became Bangladesh in 1971) and in the west (western Punjab). This event was to result in the biggest mass migration in history.
Why was Punjab divided?
Following widespread religious violence in 1947, the Punjab Province of British India was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and East Punjab. The West Punjab became part of a Muslim-majority Pakistan, while the East Punjab became part of a Hindu-majority India.
Who was the prime minister of Britain when India attained independence on 15th August 1947?
That laconic reply was by none other than Clement Richard Attlee (1883-1967), former Labour Prime Minister of England (1945-51). He succeeded Churchill, the larger than life figure who was credited with winning the Second World War.