The South Indian temple consists essentially of a square-chambered sanctuary topped by a superstructure, tower, or spire and an attached pillared porch or hall (maṇḍapa, or maṇṭapam), enclosed by a peristyle of cells within a rectangular court.
What are the main characteristics of Indian temple?
Basic Features of the Hindu Temples
- Sanctum (garbhagriha literally ‘womb-house’) It was a small cubicle with a single entrance which grew into a larger chamber in time. …
- Entrance to the temple. …
- Freestanding temples tend to have a mountain-like spire. …
- The vahan.
What is the difference between north and South Indian temple?
The first obvious difference you would see between North and South Indian temples is the sheer size. Southern temples are much larger in comparision. It is fair to say that, South Indian kings invested a lot in temples than their palaces, which is quite the opposite in the North.
Which types of temple are seen in South India?
12 Most Beautiful South Indian Temples That Every Indian Should Visit !
- Virupaksha Temple, Hampi. …
- Meenakshi Temple, Madurai. …
- Venkateswara Temple, Tirupati. …
- Ramanathaswamy Temple, Rameswaram. …
- Aihole and Pattadakal. …
- Airavateswara Temple, Kumbakonam. …
- Brihadeshwara Temple, Thanjavur. …
- Vitthala Temple, Hampi.
What are the temple of South India famous for?
When it comes to temples in South India, the state of Tamil Nadu dominates with its ancient towering Dravidian masterpieces that often have brightly painted sculptures on their gopuram (towers). These temples, which display some of India’s greatest temple architecture, are the backbone of Tamil culture.
What are the main characteristics of the Temple of North India and South India?
North Indian temple architecture, style of architecture produced throughout northern India and as far south as Bijapur district in northern Karnataka state, characterized by its distinctive shikhara, a superstructure, tower, or spire above the garbhagriha (“womb-room”), a small sanctuary housing the main image or …
What are the main features of a mandir?
The focal point of a mandir is the inner sanctum, which is aligned with the highest of the spires. It is here that the shrine containing the image or murti of the presiding deity is housed. Areas reserved for worship cannot be entered directly from the outside world.
Which is the oldest temple in South India?
One such temple, the Saluvannkuppan Murukan temple, unearthed in 2005, consists of three layers. The lowest layer, consisting of a brick shrine, is one of the oldest of its kind in South India, and is the oldest shrine found dedicated to Murukan.
What are the three styles of temple architecture?
Three main styles of temple architecture are the Nagara or the Northern style, the Dravida or the Southern style and the Vesara or Mixed style.
Which are the two classification of Indian temples in North and South?
Two broad orders of temples in the country are known— Nagara in the north and Dravida in the south. At times, the Vesar style of temples as an independent style created through the selective mixing of the Nagara and Dravida orders is mentioned by some scholars.
How many temples are there in South India?
These magnificent architectural marvels are a must-see. South India is home to some of the most beautiful temples and the richest temples in India. These temples have different tales and hold religious significance. Tamil Nadu alone has around 33,000 temples.
Which South Indian state has more temples?
The largest number of Hindu temples under the ASI’s protection is in Karnataka, followed by Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, and Andhra Pradesh.
Which of these temples in the south India is mainly dedicated to a form of Lord Vishnu?
Govindaraja Perumal Temple or Thiruchitrakoodam in Chidambaram in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is dedicated to the Hindu god Vishnu. The temple is inside the premises of Thillai Nataraja Temple, constructed in the Tamil architecture .
Govindaraja Perumal Temple.
|Govindaraja Swamy temple|
What is the most important Speciality of the temple in south India?
Ramanathaswamy Temple, Tamil Nadu
The temple has many spectacles for one to behold. Designed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple also houses the longest temple hallway in India which has 4000 pillars. This Shiva temple in South India also houses a statue of Nandi, Lord Shiva’s bull.
Which God is popular in South India?
An important deity around South Asia since ancient times, Kartikeya is particularly popular and predominantly worshipped in South India, Sri Lanka, Singapore and Malaysia as Murugan. Kartikeya is an ancient god, traceable to the Vedic era.
Which is the oldest temple in India?
It is an ancient temple dedicated to the worship of Devi Durga and is considered one of the oldest functional Hindu temples in India.
|Nagara style architecture of the temple.|