Why were many Indians unhappy with British rule?
With the French and Indian War over, many colonists saw no need for soldiers to be stationed in the colonies. Britain also needed money to pay for its war debts. The King and Parliament believed they had the right to tax the colonies. … They protested, saying that these taxes violated their rights as British citizens.
Why did some Indians support the British?
Most Native American tribes during the War of 1812 sided with the British because they wanted to safeguard their tribal lands, and hoped a British victory would relieve the unrelenting pressure they were experiencing from U.S. settlers who wanted to push further into Native American lands in southern Canada and in the …
What harm did the British Empire do to India?
Up to 35 million died unnecessarily in famines; London ate India’s bread while India starved, and in 1943 nearly four million Bengalis died. It was their own fault, according to the odious Churchill, for “breeding like rabbits”. Collectively, these famines amounted to a “British colonial holocaust”.
How did the British respond to the news of the Amritsar massacre?
The British responded ferociously, decisively defeated the rebels, and carried out wanton retribution to teach the natives a lesson in imperial governance. The fear and panic of 1857 was still alive among the colonial authorities in 1919.
What was the relationship between the British and the natives?
While Native Americans and English settlers in the New England territories first attempted a mutual relationship based on trade and a shared dedication to spirituality, soon disease and other conflicts led to a deteriorated relationship and, eventually, the First Indian War.
How did the British treat India?
The British view tended to portray British rule as a charitable exercise – they suffered India’s environment (eg climate, diseases) in order to bring to India good government and economic development (eg railways, irrigation, medicine). Modern admirers of British rule also note these benefits.
How did the English treat the natives?
The English treated the Natives as inferior, believed they stood in the way of their God-given right to the land in America and tried to subject the Natives to their laws as they established their colonies.
Why was the British empire a bad thing?
On the downside, people living in countries taken into the Empire often lost lands and suffered discrimination and prejudice. Countries in the Empire were also exploited for their raw materials. Slavery was another negative because despite the enormous profits made, the suffering of the slaves was terrible.
How has Britain ruined India?
The British took thriving industries — like textiles, shipbuilding, and steel — and destroyed them through violence, taxes, import tariffs, and imposing their exports and products on the back of the Indian consumer. … In addition to decimating the economy, the British inflicted massive suffering on the Indian people.
What are the disadvantages of British rule in India?
They suffered poverty, malnutrition, disease, cultural upheaval, economic exploitation, political disadvantage, and systematic programmes aimed at creating a sense of social and racial inferiority.
How did the British government respond to protests clashes and attacks by the Indians against the Jallianwalabagh incident?
2 Answers. (i) The government responded with brutal repression. (ii) Seeking to humiliate and terrorise people, Satyagrahis were forced to rub their noses on the ground. (iii) They were forced to crawl on the streets, and do salaam (salute) to all sahibs.
What was the main impact of the Amritsar massacre on the Indian independence movement?
What was the main impact of the Amritsar massacre on the Indian independence movement? It convinced many indians that they needed full independence. What was an example of Gandhi’s philosophy of nonviolent protest? The boycott of British goods.
How did the Amritsar massacre affect Indian independence?
The massacre, also called the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, stirred nationalist feelings across India and had a profound effect on one of the movement’s leaders, Mohandas Gandhi. … To achieve this end, Gandhi began organizing his first campaign of mass civil disobedience against Britain’s oppressive rule.