The rainfall is a result of the convergence of wind flow from the Bay of Bengal and reverse winds from the South China Sea. The onset of the monsoon occurs over the Bay of Bengal in May, arriving at the Indian Peninsula by June, and then the winds move towards the South China Sea.
Where did monsoon first arrived in India?
The Arabian Sea Branch of the Southwest Monsoon first hits the Western Ghats of the coastal state of Kerala, India, thus making this area the first state in India to receive rain from the Southwest Monsoon.
When did monsoon arrived to India?
Monsoon will arrive in North India by June 14-15: IMD.
How was the monsoon created?
The area near the equator with low pressure and converging, rising winds is called the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Water vapor condenses as air rises and cools in the ITCZ, forming clouds and falling as rain. … This is where monsoon rainfall occurs.
Why is monsoon first in Kerala?
Monsoon onset over Kerala
The actual arrival of the monsoon is marked by a prolonged period of rain over most parts of Kerala. This is because the southwest monsoon branch arrives from the Arabian Sea, and hits the western ghats of Kerala before any other parts of India.
In which state monsoon arrives last in India?
Kerala is the first state and Punjab is the last state to receive monsoon in India.
How does the monsoon announce its arrival?
THE ONSET OF MONSOON
Generally, the monsoon arrives at the southern tip of the Indian peninsular by the first week of June. … Delhi usually receives monsoon showers from the Bay of Bengal branch by the end of June. Western Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and eastern Rajasthan experience monsoon by the first week of July.
What is the monsoon season in India?
Monsoon or rainy season, lasting from June to September. The season is dominated by the humid southwest summer monsoon, which slowly sweeps across the country beginning in late May or early June. Monsoon rains begin to recede from North India at the beginning of October. South India typically receives more rainfall.
Is monsoon arrived in Mumbai?
The southwest monsoon is likely to arrive in the city on June 9, two days earlier than its normal onset date of June 11, officials in the India Meteorological Department (IMD) said on Tuesday. “The conditions for the onset of the monsoon have become very favourable over Mumbai and the larger Konkan area.
What are the factors affecting Indian monsoon?
Factors influencing the onset of SW monsoons:
- Intense low-pressure formation over the Tibetan Plateau.
- The permanent high-pressure cell in the South of the Indian Ocean.
- Subtropical jet stream.
- African Easterly jet (Tropical easterly jet)
- Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ)
How does the monsoon influence on Indian agriculture?
Monsoon & Agriculture Linkage
About 80 per cent of the annual precipitation over India occurs during the summer period, supplying water to crops during the prime agricultural season. Monsoon friendly crops with a high requirement of water like sugarcane, jute and paddy can easily be cultivated during southwest monsoon.
How does monsoon affect Indian agriculture?
Monsoon is one of the most important seasons for farmers for a country so dependent on its agro-industry. Most of the Indian agricultural land is irrigated by the southwest monsoon. Crops such as wheat, rice, pulses, which are a staple in Indian diets, need heavy rainfalls to grow.