The British came to India as traders and soon realised that they could safeguard their trading and economic interests by colonizing the country. The Battle of Plessey in 1757 laid the foundation of the British rule in India. … Later they expanded their rule in south and west India as well.
When did India become a British colony?
1858: Beginning of the Raj
In 1858, British Crown rule was established in India, ending a century of control by the East India Company.
Why did Britain Colonise India Short answer?
Answer:Britain colonise the india because india had great variety of flora and fauna, spices and precious metal. In cheap british could export the material from India to Britain and they can make product of from the cheap raw materials and sell in high prices and earn more.
How did the British colony start?
It began with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. … Envious of the great wealth these empires generated, England, France, and the Netherlands began to establish colonies and trade networks of their own in the Americas and Asia.
When did India become independent?
The British presence in India began through trade. Men like Robert Clive of the British East India Company combined military prowess with a ruthless ambition and became fabulously wealthy. With wealth came power, and traders took control of huge swathes of India.
How did India gain independence?
India won its freedom from British colonial rule in 1947, after many decades of struggle. Mohandas Gandhi, known as Mahatma Gandhi, joined the fight in 1914 and led the country to independence, using his method of nonviolent protest known as satyagraha.
What did the British Empire do to India?
After oppressing India for 200 years, draining its wealth and filling their own coffers, the U.K. ripped the Indian subcontinent into pieces just before they finally left. The partition of 1947 that came along with India’s independence left nearly one million dead and 13 million displaced.
What was Britain’s first colony?
Colonization efforts began in the 17th century with failed attempts by England to establish permanent colonies in the North. The first permanent British colony was established in Jamestown, Virginia in 1607.
When was the start of the British Empire?
In the 16th century Britain began to establish overseas colonies. By 1783, Britain had built a large empire with colonies in America and the West Indies.
What was the first British colony to gain independence?
Rhode Island becomes first colony to declare independence from England – HISTORY.