Which of the following terms was used in ancient India for a widow who got remarried?

Who was the first widow to remarry in India?

Yet this is a building that was witness to one of the most important historical event that left an everlasting mark on the Indian society. This is the house where Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar married off the first Hindu widow and started the trend of Hindu Widow Remarriage against severe threat from the society.

What is widow remarriage in India?

The Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act 1856, also Act XV, 1856, passed on 16th July 1856, legalised the remarriage of widows in all jurisdictions of India under East India Company rule. The act was enacted on 26 July 1856. It was drafted by Lord Dalhousie and passed by Lord Canning before the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

Can an Indian widow remarry?

These Hindu widows, the poorest of the poor, are shunned from society when their husbands die, not for religious reasons, but because of tradition — and because they’re seen as a financial drain on their families. They cannot remarry. They must not wear jewelry.

Who was the first widow to remarry?

Despite their success in passing a law, the real challenge was getting society to accept widow remarriage. Ishwar Chandra took the challenge and performed the first widow remarriage in Kolkata on 7 December 1856 on his own dime.

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Who removed child marriage in India?

The Child Marriage Restraint Act, 1929, passed on 28 September 1929, in the Imperial Legislative Council of India, fixed the age of marriage for girls at 14 years and boys at 18 years. In 1949, after India’s independence, it was amended to 15 for girls, and in 1978 to 18 for girls and 21 for boys.

How many widows are there in India?

The plight of Widows

India is the country with the largest widow population in the world. It is estimated there are 40 million widows in India today – 10 per cent of the country’s female population.

What is meant by widow remarriage?

Remarriage is a marriage that takes place after a previous marital union has ended, as through divorce or widowhood. …

Who established widow remarriage?

In the 1850s, Vishnu Shastri Pandit founded the Widow Remarriage Association.

When was widow remarriage implemented?

The Act was enacted in 1856.

Can widows remarry?

Before 1965, widows lost eligibility for widow benefits if they remarried at any time. In July of 1965, legislation passed that allowed widows to remarry after age 60 and keep an amount equal to half of the deceased spouse’s PIA .

Who abolished widow remarriage in India?

The enactment of The Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act, 1856 was a major social reform to improve the condition of the widow in India. Before this law, the custom of Sati was also abolished by the Lord William Bentinck in 1829. The draft of the Hindu Widows’ Remarriage Act, 1856 was prepared and passed by Lord Dalhousie.

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Who stopped polygamy in India?

Section 494 and 495 of the Indian Penal Code of 1860, prohibited polygamy for the Christians. In 1955, the Hindu Marriage Act was drafted, which prohibited marriage of a Hindu whose spouse was still living.

Who encouraged widow remarriage in 1866?

Vishnushastri Pandit established an association to further the cause of widow remarriage in 1866. The association was called Punarvivah Uttejak Mandal and was established in Maharashtra.