34.18 Rainfall during June – September constitutes the rains due to monsoon, which is the major source of rain in India.
What causes rainfall in India?
The monsoon, which is essentially the seasonal reversal in wind direction, causes most of the rainfall received in India and some other parts of the world. … The northeast and southeast trade winds converge in this low pressure zone, which is also known as the Intertropical Convergence Zone or ITCZ.
What is the major causes of rain production?
It provides suitable conditions for many types of ecosystems, as well as water for hydroelectric power plants and crop irrigation. The major cause of rain production is moisture moving along three-dimensional zones of temperature and moisture contrasts known as weather fronts.
What type of rainfall is in India?
Most of India’s rainfall is convectional. The convectional rainfall is prevalent in equatorial regions. In these, the warm air rises up and expands then, reaches at a cooler layer and saturates, then condenses mainly in the form of cumulus or cumulonimbus clouds.
Where is highest rainfall in India?
Mawsynram (/ˈmɔːsɪnˌrʌm/) is a town in the East Khasi Hills district of Meghalaya state in Northeastern India, 60.9 kilometres from Shillong, the state capital. Mawsynram receives the highest rainfall in India.
What causes rainfall in north western part of India?
Hint: During Winter, there is rainfall in the North Western part of India due to Western disturbances. Westerlies drive the pattern of these non-monsoonal precipitation. Western disturbances are essential for the development of rabi crops in the northern subcontinent.
What are the three causes of rainfall?
There are 3 main types of rainfall: relief, frontal and…
- Occurs mostly in tropics where it is hot.
- When air is hot is rises and cools and condenses forming rain.
- If the air is hot enough, it rises very quickly and can cause thunderstorms.
What causes low rainfall?
The proximate or immediate cause of a rainfall shortage may be due to one or more factors including an absence of available moisture in the atmosphere; large scale subsidence (downward movement of air within the atmosphere) which suppresses convective activity; and the absence or non-arrival of rain-bearing systems.
What type of rainfall does the major part of India experience?
the monsoon type climate of India is of a tropical type this is a can also be Express that India experiences a monsoon type Continental climate which is subtropical. the climate of India is not cyclonic and cyclones are usually not formed here there from near the sea is once in a while.
What is average rainfall in India?
The average rainfall in India is 120 cm.
What are the type of rainfall?
On the basis of origin, rainfall may be classified into three main types – the convectional, orographic or relief and the cyclonic or frontal.
Which place is lowest rainfall in India?
Jaisalmer is the place in India which receives the lowest rainfall as per the records. Jaisalmer is the driest place in India also referred to as golden city. Jaisalmer is located in the state of Rajasthan.
What is the second highest rainfall in India?
Place with the second highest rainfall in India is Cherrapunji. Located at the conflux of two gorges in the hill, Cherrapunji experiences 11,619 mm rainfall every year.
Which state has most rainfall?
Rainiest States in America
Hawaii overall is the rainiest state in the US, with a state-wide average of 63.7 inches (1618 millimetres) of rain a year.