Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley- Minto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates (Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion. Therefore, Lord Minto came to be known as Father of Communal Electorate in India.
Who is known as father of communalism?
Act of 1909 introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims by accepting the concept of separate electorate. Under this the Muslim members were to be elected only by Muslim voters. Thus the act legalised communalism and Lord Minto came to be known as Father of communal Electorate.
What is communal electorate?
– By embracing the idea of ‘separate electorate,’ it introduced a system of communal representation for Muslims. Under this, only Muslim voters should elect Muslim members. Therefore, the ‘legalized communalism’ Act and Lord Minto became known as the Communal Electorate Father.
Who introduced separate electorate in India?
Under British rule
Again, in the Round Table Conferences in 1930–32, the concept of separate electorates for the Untouchables (SC/ST) was raised by B. R. Ambedkar as a way to ensure sufficient representation for the minority SC/ST communities in the government.
When was the declared the Communal Award?
The Communal Award was created by the British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald on 16 August 1932. Also known as the MacDonald Award, it was announced after the Round Table Conference and extended the separate electorate to depressed Classes and other minorities.
What is communalism 12th?
Communalism refers to aggressive chauvinism based on religious identity. Chauvinism is itself an attitude that sees one’s own group as the only legitimate or worthy group, with other groups being seen as inferior, illegitimate and opposed. • Communalism is an aggressive political ideology linked to religion.
What is the origin of the rise of communalism in India?
Growth of Communalism in India:
During the revolt of 1857, which is described as the first war for independence, Hindus and Muslims fought side by side united in their purpose of defeating a common enemy. … After 1870 the British changed colors and instead started favoring the Muslim community.
Who was viceroy during Communal Award?
Notes: Communal Award was announced in the year 1932 (16th August) by British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald. Communal Award was announced to introduce separate electorates for Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs and Untouchables. Lord Willingdon was the viceroy of India at that time.
What was separate electorate Class 10?
Answer: The British used separate electorates system (people of one religion vote for a candidate of their own religion) to divide the Indian people unity which weaken the National Movement and stronger position of British government in Inida. This led Hindus and Muslims war and partition in the country during 1947.
What happened in Poona Pact?
Poona Pact, (September 24, 1932), agreement between Hindu leaders in India granting new rights to Dalits (low-caste Hindu groups then often labeled “untouchables”).
Why is Lord Minto called the father of communal electorate?
Lord Minto is known as the father of the communal electorate. This was due to the introduction of the Indian Councils Act, 1909 which introduced separate electorates for Muslims. This act effectively ‘legalised communalism’ as it introduced electorates based solely on religion.
Why did Ambedkar signed Poona Pact?
It was signed by Ambedkar on behalf of the depressed classes and by Madan Mohan Malviya on behalf of Hindus and Gandhi as a means to end the fast that Gandhi was undertaking in jail as a protest against the decision made by British prime minister Ramsay MacDonald to give separate electorates to depressed classes for …
What is Voters List also known as?
In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone, which is officially called the Electoral Roll and is commonly known as the Voters’ List.
Who introduced Communal Award in India?
The Communal Award, announced by Ramsay MacDonald on 16 August 1932, ensured the retention of separate electorates for Muslims, Sikhs and Europeans, and considerably increased the limited number of provinces that offered, under the Government of India Act of 1919, separate electorates to Anglo-Indians and Indian …
Who signed in Poona Pact?
In late September 1932, B.R. Ambedkar negotiated the Poona Pact with Mahatma Gandhi. The background to the Poona Pact was the Communal Award of August 1932, which, among other things, reserved 71 seats in the central legislature for the depressed classes.
Who signed Poona Pact on behalf of Gandhiji?
The Poona Pact was signed at 5pm on September 24 by 23 people. Madan Mohan Malaviya signed it on behalf of Hindus and Gandhi, and Ambedkar on behalf of depressed classes.