Who coined the phrase Indian Summer?

In the 1830s Indian summer began to be used figuratively, to refer to any late flowering following a period of decline. It was well enough established as a phrase by 1834 for John Greenleaf Whittier to use the term that way, when in his poem Memories he wrote of “The Indian Summer of the heart!”.

Where did the term Indian summer come from?

He writes, “My wife and I were vacationing in Scotland and we overheard a Scott mention Indian Summer. I asked how the term started in Scotland. He said it had to do with sending British troops to India in the late fall. The weather was still warm in India — thus the term “Indian Summer.”

Who named Indian Summer?

A late-19th Century Boston lexicographer named Albert Matthews made an exhaustive search of early American literature in an attempt to discover who coined the expression. The first reference he found dated from 1778, but from the context it was clearly already in widespread use.

Is it politically correct to say Indian summer?

They feared warmer weather would invite attack, and they coined the expression “Indian summer” to describe the weather conditions that might make them more vulnerable. … So, unlike the expression “Indian giver,” “Indian summer” is politically correct to almost everyone.

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What is another word for Indian summer?

In English, before Indian summer came into vogue, sometimes we called this second summer. There’s a strong case to be made for badger summer, pastrami summer, or quince summer as an alternate name for Indian summer, but perhaps simple is best. Enjoy these second summer days, before the frost of fall really sets in.

What does the idiom Indian summer mean?

An Indian summer is a period of great success late in someone’s life or career, often after a period of not being successful. Despite an unexpected Indian Summer, they never really lived up to their initial promise. Note: An Indian summer is a period of unusually warm sunny weather during the autumn.

Why are Indians called Indians?

The word Indian came to be used because Christopher Columbus repeatedly expressed the mistaken belief that he had reached the shores of South Asia. Convinced he was correct, Columbus fostered the use of the term Indios (originally, “person from the Indus valley”) to refer to the peoples of the so-called New World.

What is an Indian summer in Canada?

Indian Summer, popular expression for a period of mild, summerlike weather which occurs in the autumn, usually after the first frost. The origins of the name are obscure, but it was in use early in the 19th century in Canada and even earlier in the US.

Does San Francisco have an Indian summer?

The National Weather Service defines an “Indian summer” as any spell of warm, quiet, hazy weather that may occur in October or even November. For San Francisco, it typically falls in the middle of October.

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What makes an Indian summer?

An Indian summer is typically caused by a sharp shift in the jet stream from the south to the north. The warm weather may last anywhere from a few days to over a week and may happen multiple times before winter arrives for good.

What is an Indian winter?

Is this what you’d call an “Indian Winter?” “Indian summer” is a term used to describe an unseasonably warm and sunny patch of weather during autumn when temperatures should have cooled down. Could it be that we are experiencing its opposite — “Indian Winter” — a period of unseasonably chilly weather during spring?!

What’s an Indian giver mean?

The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines an “Indian giver” as “a person who gives something to another and then takes it back or expects an equivalent in return.” The term, the dictionary notes in italics, is “sometimes offensive.”

What is Indian summer called in Europe?

This autumn warm period also occurs in Europe, where in Britain it is called All-hallown summer or Old Wives’ summer. Indian summer may occur several times in some years and not at all in others; it often persists for a week or longer.

What do you call the end of summer?

Summer officially ends at the autumnal equinox, when the sun is at its zenith at, or directly above, the equator. After the autumnal equinox, the sun moves south of the equator, leaving behind a chilly autumn in the Northern Hemisphere and beckoning in spring to the Southern Hemisphere.