As per the Geological Survey of India (GSI), the major flood prone areas of India cover almost 12.5% area of the country. Every year, flood, the most common disaster in India causes immense loss to the country’s property and lives.
What percentage of our land areas is prone to floods?
An area over 40 million hectare (12 percent of land) is prone to floods. Out of the 7516 km long coastline close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclone and tsunamis. About 68 per cent of cultivable land is vulnerable to drought.
What percentage of land in India is prone to floods and river erosion?
How many hectares of Indian land are prone to floods and river erosion? Explanation: Over 40 million hectares which is almost 12 percent of land is prone to floods and river erosion.
How many hectares is prone to floods?
Out of the total geographical area of 329 million hectares (mha), more than 40 mha is flood prone. Floods are a recurrent phenomenon, which cause huge loss of lives and damage to livelihood systems, property, infrastructure and public utilities.
Which is the most flood prone area in India?
The most flood-prone areas in India are the Brahmaputra and Ganga River basins in the Indo-Gangetic- Brahmaputra plains in North and Northeast India, which carry 60 per cent of the nation’s total river flow.
How much of India land is prone to earthquake?
According to the Times of India, nearly 59% of India’s land are prone to earthquakes. According to the data nearly 304 million households can get affected by the earthquake differing in magnitudes.
How much percentage of Indian land is free from earthquakes?
The major reason for the high frequency and intensity of the earthquakes is that the Indian plate is driving into Asia at a rate of approximately 47 mm/year. Geographical statistics of India show that almost 54% of the land is vulnerable to earthquakes.
How much area of India is prone to natural hazards?
According to the National Disaster Management Authority, around 40 million hectares of land in India is exposed to floods (around 12 per cent of the total land area), 68 per cent of land is vulnerable to droughts, landslides and avalanches, 58.6 per cent landmass is earthquake-prone, and tsunamis and cyclones are a …
What are the flood prone areas in India?
The major flood prone regions in India are Punjab, Haryana, most of the Gangetic plains, including Uttar Pradesh, North Bihar and West Bengal, the Brahmaputra valley, coastal Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, and southern Gujarat.
What is the percentage of drought prone in India?
Out of the total geographical area of India, almost one-sixth area with 12% of the population is drought prone; the areas that receive an annual rainfall up to 60 cm are the most prone.
Which parts of India are more prone to floods and droughts?
The flood-prone areas include West Bengal, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Assam, Bihar, Gujrat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Punjab. Drought-prone areas:-Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh.
How many hazard zones are divided for Indian floods?
Based on number of times flooded five hazard severity zones are classified (Table 1). Very high indicates the areas which are inundated almost every year, high indicates 13 –16 times, moderate indicates 9 –12 times, low indicates 5 –8 times and very low category indicates the areas which are inundated 1 – 4 times.
In which month floods are likely to occur in India?
As the bulk of summer monsoon rainfall occurs withina period of four months, naturally majority of floods occur in Indian rivers during thisseason only.
Which highly populated city in India is prone to high risk of flood?
This review article provides an assessment regarding quantification, management and climate change impacts of flood risks in Surat, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata, which are the most populated coastal cities in India.
Where do floods occur in India?
The states of Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat were the most severely affected. 2021 Maharashtra floods, widespread flooding in Mahad and Chiplun on 22nd July 2021 caused by exceptionally heavy rainfall.
Which state of India experiences flood frequently?
Assam, West Bengal and Bihar are among the high flood-prone states of India. Apart from these, most of the rivers in the northern states like Punjab and Uttar Pradesh, are also vulnerable to occasional floods.