What is the importance of Indian Ocean in the history of India?

The Indian Ocean has emerged as a critical conduit for trade, commerce, and energy. The waters of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) have become a home for economic developments, disputes, conflicts, and competition for regional influence by regional and extraregional powers.

Why is the Indian Ocean important to India?

It is a vital trading hub, connecting the Middle East to Southeast and East Asia, as well as Europe and the Americas. … At the heart of the geopolitical struggle in the Indian Ocean is the ability to sustain a military presence near the key choke points connecting its trade routes.

What is the main importance of the Indian Ocean?

The Indian Ocean is third largest water body of the world that has vital sea lanes of communication crisscrossing it and which feeds Asia’s largest economies. Around 80 per cent of the world’s seaborne oil trade passes through the choke points of this ocean and therefore it literally connects the east to the west.

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What is the history of Indian Ocean?

The opening of the Indian Ocean began c. 156 Ma when Africa separated from East Gondwana. The Indian Subcontinent began to separate from Australia-Antarctica 135–125 Ma and as the Tethys Ocean north of India began to close 118–84 Ma the Indian Ocean opened behind it.

What is the importance of Indian Ocean Class 9?

The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.

What is the importance of Indian Ocean in India’s foreign policy?

The Indian Ocean has emerged as a critical conduit for trade, commerce, and energy. The waters of the Indian Ocean Region (IOR) have become a home for economic developments, disputes, conflicts, and competition for regional influence by regional and extraregional powers.

What was the Indian Ocean trade and why was it important?

The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.

What is the economic importance of Indian Ocean?

With the resurgence of Asia, there has been a tectonic shift of global attention from the West to the East. The waters in the Indian Ocean are rich in oil and minerals, effecting it as an energy heartland both in the supply and demand, hence slowly turning the drivers of global economy towards Asia.

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Why is ocean important?

The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world’s oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns.

Why is Indian Ocean called Indian Ocean?

Complete answer:

The Indian Ocean is named after India because of its strategic location at the head of the ocean from ancient times and its long coastline which is longer than any other country in the Indian Ocean rim.

Does Indian Ocean belong to India?

The Indian Ocean is bounded by Iran, Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh to the north; the Malay Peninsula, the Sunda Islands of Indonesia, and Australia to the east; the Southern Ocean to the south; and Africa and the Arabian Peninsula to the west.

Who discovered the Indian Ocean?

The southern waters of the Indian Ocean were explored by the British navigator and explorer James Cook in 1772.

What is the importance of central location of India at the head of Indian Ocean?

And India is a southward extension of the Asian Continent. The central location of India at the head of the Ocean is considered great significance due to: It provides India strategic benefits as per the routes of the Trans Indian Ocean that connect the European countries in the West and East Asia countries.

What is the importance of India’s location?

Thus, India dominates the Indian Ocean and commands an important strategic position. The central location of India is considered of great significance as it helps India to keep a close contact for business purpose with West Asia, Africa and Europe from western coast, and Southeast and East Asia from the eastern coast.

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What is meant by the Indian Standard Time What is its importance class 9?

Indian Standard Time is the time observed in India and Sri Lanka. It passes through Allahabad. India has a time of GMT+5:30. It’s main importance is that it helps us in scheduling partys, functions, etc. which are connected throughout the country.