What is revolt of 1857 explain Government of India Act of 1858?

What was the act of 1858?

The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (21 & 22 Vict. c. 106) passed on 2 August 1858.

Government of India Act 1858.

Dates
Commencement 1 November 1858
Other legislation
Relates to Indian Councils Act 1861, Indian Councils Act 1909, Government of India Act 1919
Status: Amended

What was the Government of India Act 1857?

The Government of India Act 1858 was an Act of the British parliament that transferred the government and territories of the East India Company to the British Crown. The company’s rule over British territories in India came to an end and it was passed directly to the British government.

What is the importance of Government of India Act 1858?

Conclusion. Government of India Act, 1858 is also known as the act of good governance. Parliament to hand over administrative control of British India from the East India Company. The act made India a direct British Colony and abolished the dual government proposed by the Pitt’s India Act of 1784.

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What kind of Government did India have in 1858?

1909 map of India, showing British India in two shades of pink and the princely states in yellow. The British Raj (/rɑːdʒ/; from Hindi rāj, means state or government) was the rule of the British Crown on the Indian subcontinent from 1858 to 1947. The rule is also called Crown rule in India, or direct rule in India.

How did the Government of India Act 1858 change the company’s administration in India?

British Parliament brought the Government of India Act, 1858, which made the following changes: i. Transferred powers from the East India Company to the Crown. ii.

What was the Government of India Act and when was it passed?

Government of India Act of 1858

On August 2, 1858, Parliament passed the Government of India Act, transferring British power over India from the company to the crown.

What is the term used by the British to describe the revolt of 1857?

British historians called it the Sepoy Mutiny, Indian historians named it the Revolt of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence.

What are the economic causes of the revolt of 1857?

Economic Causes of 1857 Revolt

  • Destruction of Agriculture. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. …
  • Permanent Settlement System. …
  • Resentment Among Zamindars. …
  • Heavy Taxation. …
  • Destruction of Traditional Industries. …
  • Destruction of Trade. …
  • Protectionist Policies. …
  • Conclusion.

Who told the revolt of 1857 is the struggle for India’s independence?

In India, the term First War of Independence was first popularized by Vinayak Damodar Savarkar in his 1909 book The History of the War of Indian Independence, which was originally written in Marathi.

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What are the important features of 1919 Act?

The Government of India Act of 1919, made a provision for classification of the central and provincial subjects. The Act kept the Income Tax as a source of revenue to the Central Government. However, for Bengal and Bombay, to meet their objections, a provision to assign them 25% of the income tax was made.

What changes did the Government of India Act 1858?

Government of India Act 1858 provided that India was to be governed directly and in the name of the crown. This act abolished the company rule, abolished the Court of directors and abolished the Board of control. This act abolished the Dual Government introduced by the Pitt’s India act.