(i) The First World War led to a huge rise in the defence expenditure of the Government of India. The government in turn increased taxes on individual incomes and business profits. (ii) Increased military expenditure and the demands for war supplies led to the sharp rise in prices which badly affected the common mass.
How did World war 1 impact India?
The war years were difficult ones for Indians on the home front whose lives were negatively impacted by massive recruitment efforts, high taxes and a sharp rise in prices. … The war had drained India of troops and at one point a mere 15,000 soldiers were physically present in the subcontinent.
How did the Indian react to World war 1?
When war was declared on August 4th, India rallied to the cause. Those with influence within India believed that the cause of Indian independence would best be served by helping out Britain in whatever capacity India could – including the Indian National Congress.
What did India gain from World war 1?
As high as 100 million British Pounds (present day Rs 838 crore) was gifted by India to Britain to fund their war anticipating dominion status and home rule in return. When the World War I ended in 1919 and Britain won with the help of Indian soldiers, India was denied its promised reward.
How did WWI impact Indian nationalism?
During the war Home Rule Leagues were established, calling for self-government and dominion status for India. The movement gave a boost to Indian nationalism, especially after the Indian National Congress adopted Home Rule as a political goal.
What did the British do to India?
The British signed treaties and made military and trading alliances with many of the independent states that made up India. The British were very effective at infiltrating these states and gradually taking control. They often left the local princes in charge of the various parts of India.
Which areas were affected most by the World War 1 in India?
Almost 1.5 million Muslim, Sikh and Hindu men from regions such as the Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Bihar volunteered in the Indian Expeditionary Force , which saw fighting on the Western Front, in East Africa, Mesopotamia, Egypt and Gallipoli.
How did ww1 affect relations between India and Britain?
At the start of World War 1, Britain controlled India as part of the British Empire. Most of the people of India wanted independence, and protests toward this end had already gone on for awhile, but so far the British government had contained the protests and maintained their hold on India.
What impact did World War 1 have?
The First World War destroyed empires, created numerous new nation-states, encouraged independence movements in Europe’s colonies, forced the United States to become a world power and led directly to Soviet communism and the rise of Hitler.
When did India enter ww1?
Indian soldiers in the Indian Army arrived in Europe from September 1914. The first of these Indian troops arrived in Marseilles on 26 September 1914. They came from the Lahore and Meerut Divisions and the Secunderbad Cavalry. In October, Indians were fed into some of the fiercest fighting at Ypres.
When was India promised independence?
Dominion of India
|Union of India|
|• Independence and dominion||15 August 1947|
|• Republic||26 January 1950|