The British essentially ruled most of India (along with what is now Pakistan and Bangladesh) for almost two hundred years. The other European powers that tried to have control in India were the Dutch, the Portuguese, and most especially the French.
What European country had control of India?
British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.
Which European powers came in India?
Major European Powers in India: The Portuguese, the Dutch, the British and the French were the four major European powers who arrived in India to establish their trade links and subsequently held colonial possessions.
Which European country came to India first?
Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.
Why did Europeans came to India?
Why Europeans came to India? Trade in Agro-based product like Cotton and handicrafts was the major reason which led to the advent of Europeans. India was the major source of the spices. Some spices have antibiotic properties and they were also used to preserve the food.
Who were the last European to leave India?
Answer: Portuguese were the last Europeans to leave India.
Did the French rule India?
They were de facto incorporated into the Republic of India in 1950 and 1954. The enclaves were Pondichéry, Karikal, Yanaon (Andhra Pradesh) on the Coromandel Coast, Mahé on the Malabar Coast and Chandernagor in Bengal.
|French Settlements in India Établissements français dans l’Inde|
|Today part of||India|
Why did Europeans come to India in UPSC?
1. Europeans came to India for trade, but in due course of time they gained political and administrative dominance over the country. 2. Portuguese were the first Europeans to come to India when in 1498, Vasco da Gama discovered a direct sea route to India.
How did Vasco da Gama found India?
Vasco da Gama was best known for being the first to sail from Europe to India by rounding Africa’s Cape of Good Hope. Over the course of two voyages, beginning in 1497 and 1502, da Gama landed and traded in locales along the coast of southern Africa before reaching India on May 20, 1498.
Who invented India?
A discovery is finding something that already exists for the first time, that no one has ever found before. Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama discovered the way to reach India by sea. But people had already been living in India for hundreds of years, so he did not discover the country.
Who was Vasco da Gama?
Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama was commissioned by the Portuguese king to find a maritime route to the East. He was the first person to sail directly from Europe to India.
Who ruled India before British?
The Mughals ruled over a population in India that was two-thirds Hindu, and the earlier spiritual teachings of the Vedic tradition remained influential in Indian values and philosophy. The early Mughal empire was a tolerant place. Unlike the preceding civilisations, the Mughals controlled a vast area of India.
Who Ruled India first?
The Maurya Empire (320-185 B.C.E.) was the first major historical Indian empire, and definitely the largest one created by an Indian dynasty. The empire arose as a consequence of state consolidation in northern India, which led to one state, Magadha, in today’s Bihar, dominating the Ganges plain.