What did India have that Britain wanted?

First, India supplied the British Empire with profitable natural resources such as spices, tea, and cotton. These items could be acquired in India and sold in England or her other colonies at huge profits.

Why were the British interested in India?

The British East India Company came to India as traders in spices, a very important commodity in Europe back then as it was used to preserve meat. Apart from that, they primarily traded in silk, cotton, indigo dye, tea and opium.

What resources did India have that Europe wanted?

The colonizers were only interested in exploiting India’s natural resources as they transported items such as coal, iron ore, cotton and other natural resources to ports for the British to ship home to use in their factories.

What did the British take from India?

Drawing on nearly two centuries of detailed data on tax and trade, Patnaik calculated that Britain drained a total of nearly $45 trillion from India during the period 1765 to 1938.

What did British steal from India?

9 Most Valuable Things Stolen By The British From India And Other Countries. Koh-i-Noor belonged to the Peacock Throne of Mughal Emperors that was mined at Kollur Mine, Tiger of Mysore lost a battle to the British in 1799, the colonists stole his sword and ring from his body.

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What good things did Britain do for India?

So let’s take a look at 7 Good Things The British Did For India And Indians!

  • English language. The reason they taught English to the Indians was to have an ease of administration. …
  • Indian Railways. …
  • Army. …
  • Vaccination. …
  • Social reforms. …
  • India census. …
  • Surveying India.

What was India like before British rule?

Before the advent of colonial rule, India was a self-sufficient and flourishing economy. Evidently, our country was popularly known as the golden eagle. India had already established itself on the world map with a decent amount of exports.

What resources did India have?

Some of India’s natural resources include iron ore, bauxite, manganese, mica, diamonds, natural gas, oil, arable land, and chromites among others.

What was the impact of British rule in India?

They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India. They defeated their foreign rivals in trade so that there could be no competition.

What are 3 facts about India?

General Facts About India:

  • The name ‘India’ derives from the river Indus. …
  • India has the second-largest population in the world. …
  • India is the 7th largest country in the world. …
  • Thousands of languages are spoken all over India. …
  • The national symbol of India is the endangered Bengal Tiger.

When did Britain take over India?

British raj, period of direct British rule over the Indian subcontinent from 1858 until the independence of India and Pakistan in 1947.

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Was India a rich country?

The Indian subcontinent had the largest economy of any region in the world for most of the interval between the 1st century and 18th century. … Though it is to be noted that, up until 1000 AD,its GDP per capita was higher than subsistence level.

What was life like in British India?

Poverty existed in India before the British, thanks in part to constant war, food shortages, and the caste system, but in general Indian society took care of everyone. According to Indian Congress leader Shashi Tharoor, India was once one of the wealthiest countries in the world — and then the British showed up.