What was traded in the Indian Ocean Exchange?
The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
What commodities were being transported through the Indian Ocean?
Petroleum dominates commerce, as the Indian Ocean has come to be an important throughway for transport of crude oil to Europe, North America, and East Asia. Other major commodities include iron, coal, rubber, and tea.
What goods were traded along the Silk Road and the Indian Ocean?
The Silk Road and Indian Ocean trading routes were similar in that they both served the purpose of moving luxury goods from East Asia to the markets of the Mediterranean and Europe via the Middle East. Both routes specialized in luxury goods, namely silk, porcelain, and spices.
Who dominated Indian Ocean trade?
But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.
What caused the Indian Ocean trade?
Two major causes included: The rise and expansion of Islam in the 7th century led to vast Islamic empires such as the Abbasid supporting commerce: Muhammad had been a trader before founding Islam, so trade always had a favored position within Islam.
What was the primary way of trading in the Indian Ocean?
How did monsoons make Indian Ocean trade possible? Monsoons alternated wind currents that predictably blew eastward during the summer months and westward in the winter. When people understood what monsoons did, they accumulated different ways to build ships and developed oceanic navigation.
What was traded on the sea roads?
In addition to silk, major commodities traded included gold, jade, tea, and spices. Since the transport capacity was limited, over long distances and often unsafe, luxury goods were the only commodities that could be traded.
How was Indian Ocean trade similar to the Silk Road?
The Indian Ocean trade network was similar to the Silk Road because they were both a network of trade roads that connected people who wanted goods to people who had the goods they wanted. There were a lot of Indian Ocean trade routes just like their were a lot of trade routes in the Silk Road.
What was traded on the Silk Road other than goods?
Besides silk, the Chinese also exported (sold) teas, salt, sugar, porcelain, and spices. Most of what was traded was expensive luxury goods. This was because it was a long trip and merchants didn’t have a lot of room for goods. They imported, or bought, goods like cotton, ivory, wool, gold, and silver.
What made the Indian Ocean trade more efficient than the Silk Road?
With transportation costs being lower it meant that the Indian Ocean trade network could (eventually) carry more bulk goods and products whereas the Silk Roads were limited to luxury goods.
What two items were most important in the Indian Ocean trade during the post classical period?
The growth of inter-regional trade in luxury goods (silk and cotton textiles, porcelain, spices, precious metals and gems, slaves, exotic animals) was encouraged by significant innovations in previously existing transportation and commercial technologies–including caravanserai, compass use, the astrolabe, larger ship …
What was the Indian Ocean trade and why was it important?
The Indian Ocean is home to major sea routes connecting the Middle East, Africa and East Asia with Europe and the Americas. These vital sea routes (i) facilitate maritime trade in the Indian Ocean region, (ii) carry more than half of the world’s sea-borne oil,3 and (iii) host 23 of the world’s top 100 container ports.
What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean trade took off and was so popular?
What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean Trade took off and was so popular? They were seasonal and consistent. Monsoons would help carry ships from Africa to India between April and September. They carried ships back from November to February.