What are characteristics of temple architecture in mediaeval North India?

North Indian temple architecture, style of architecture produced throughout northern India and as far south as Bijapur district in northern Karnataka state, characterized by its distinctive shikhara, a superstructure, tower, or spire above the garbhagriha (“womb-room”), a small sanctuary housing the main image or …

What were the characteristics of temple architecture?

Dravida and Nagara architecture

Feature Nagara architecture
Main temple spire (tower) Sikhara above sanctum
Mandapa spire (tower) Yes
Curvature of the spire Curvilinear centred over the sanctum, also straight-edged pyramidal
Sanctum Single or multi-storey

What is the temple architectural style in north India known as?

The Nagara or North Indian Temple Architecture. Nagara is the style of temple architecture which became popular in Northern India. It is common here to build an entire temple on a stone platform with steps leading up to it. Unlike in south India, it doesn’t usually have elaborate boundary walls or gateways.

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What are the main characteristics of Indian temple?

Basic Features of the Hindu Temples

  • Sanctum (garbhagriha literally ‘womb-house’) It was a small cubicle with a single entrance which grew into a larger chamber in time. …
  • Entrance to the temple. …
  • Freestanding temples tend to have a mountain-like spire. …
  • The vahan.

Which one of the following is a feature of north Indian temple architecture?

Correct Option: C. Gopuram is not a feature of north Indian temple architecture. In the north, the Shikhara remains the most prominent element of the temple and the gateway is usually modest.

What is the example of temple style architecture?

Many temple style buildings feature a peristyle (a continuous line of columns around a building), which is rarely found in Renaissance architecture. The most famous temple style buildings of the Neoclassical age may be the Panthéon (Paris, by Jacques-Germain Soufflot) and the British Museum (London, by Robert Smirke).

What were the main styles of temple architecture in medieval India give one example of each?

By the 700s AD, after the collapse of the Guptan Empire, there were two different styles of temple-building in India, a north Indian style and a south Indian style. This temple from Osian shows the north Indian style. It has a high tower called a shikhara, and an open porch for visitors to the temple, called a mandapa.

What are the common feature of the temple in northern and southern India?

Explanation: there are two main style of temple architecture the Nagara style and Dravidian style the Nagara style temples were built in Northern India Dravidian style prevailed in South India in the Nagara style of temple architecture the tower know as shikhar is an inverted structure with a bulge the middle khajuraho …

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What are the main features of a mandir?

The focal point of a mandir is the inner sanctum, which is aligned with the highest of the spires. It is here that the shrine containing the image or murti of the presiding deity is housed. Areas reserved for worship cannot be entered directly from the outside world.

Which style of temple architecture is a combination of the northern and southern styles of architecture?

Vesara is a hybrid form of Indian temple architecture, with South Indian plan and a shape that features North Indian details. This fusion style likely originated in the historic architecture schools of the Dharwad region.

What was medieval temple architecture?

Medieval temple architecture: North Indian style of Gujarāt

600), with a tall terrace and a cylindrical sanctum with high walls capped by a phāmsanā roof, and other temples in Saurāshṭra show the formative phases of the style. Its distinctive features are clear in an interesting group of temples from Roḍā (c.

How many temple architecture are there in India?

Three main styles of temple architecture are the Nagara or the Northern style, the Dravida or the Southern style and the Vesara or Mixed style. But at the same time, there are also some regional styles. Nagara (in North India) is associated with the land between the Himalayas and Vindhyas.

What are the features of a temple?

Temples typically have a main building and a larger precinct, which may contain many other buildings, or may be a dome shaped structure, much like an igloo. The word comes from Ancient Rome, where a templum constituted a sacred precinct as defined by a priest, or augur.

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What were the main features of Hindu architecture?

Essential elements of Hindu architecture are precise and harmonious geometry when viewed from all four sides and above, the square form and grid ground plans, soaring towers, and elaborate decorate sculpture which includes gods, worshippers, erotic scenes, animals, and floral and geometric patterns.

Which is the main temple of north India?

The Most Renowned Temples of North India

  • Vaishno Devi Temple, Jammu. Ma Vaishnodevi temple is one of the most important temples of North India. …
  • Kashi-Vishwanath Temple, Varanasi. …
  • ISKCON Temple, Delhi. …
  • Sarnath Temple, Uttar Pradesh. …
  • Golden Temple, Amritsar. …
  • Related Information :

Which one of the following is not the main kind of temple architecture in India *?

Gothic Style is not a style of Temple Architecture in India. The styles of Temple Architecture in India include Nagara, Vesara, Dravida, Gadag, Kalinga, Maru-Gurjara. Nagara is the northern style, Vesara is the mixed style, and Dravida is the southern style.