The South Indian temple consists essentially of a square-chambered sanctuary topped by a superstructure, tower, or spire and an attached pillared porch or hall (maṇḍapa, or maṇṭapam), enclosed by a peristyle of cells within a rectangular court.
What are the major features of temples?
Dravida and Nagara architecture
|Main temple spire (tower)||Sikhara above sanctum|
|Mandapa spire (tower)||Yes|
|Curvature of the spire||Curvilinear centred over the sanctum, also straight-edged pyramidal|
|Sanctum||Single or multi-storey|
What are the common features of the temples in northern and southern India?
Explanation: there are two main style of temple architecture the Nagara style and Dravidian style the Nagara style temples were built in Northern India Dravidian style prevailed in South India in the Nagara style of temple architecture the tower know as shikhar is an inverted structure with a bulge the middle khajuraho …
What are different part of a South Indian temple?
The basic form of a Hindu structural temple consists of the following.
- Garbhagriha: It literally means ‘womb-house’ and is a cave like a sanctum. …
- Mandapa: It is the entrance to the temple. …
- Shikhara or Vimana: …
- Amalaka: …
- Kalasha: …
- Antarala (vestibule): …
- Jagati: …
What are the temple of South India famous for?
When it comes to temples in South India, the state of Tamil Nadu dominates with its ancient towering Dravidian masterpieces that often have brightly painted sculptures on their gopuram (towers). These temples, which display some of India’s greatest temple architecture, are the backbone of Tamil culture.
What are the unique features of the South Indian Dravidian temples?
It is seen in Hindu temples, and the most distinctive difference from north Indian styles is the use of a shorter and more pyramidal tower over the garbhagriha or sanctuary called a vimana, where the north has taller towers, usually bending inwards as they rise, called shikharas.
What is the difference between North and South Indian temples?
The first obvious difference you would see between North and South Indian temples is the sheer size. Southern temples are much larger in comparision. It is fair to say that, South Indian kings invested a lot in temples than their palaces, which is quite the opposite in the North.
What is the key feature of all the temples in India?
The Indian temples are symmetry-driven structure, with many variations, on a square grid of padas, depicting perfect geometric shapes such as circles and squares.
What are the unique features of temples of north India?
North Indian temple architecture, style of architecture produced throughout northern India and as far south as Bijapur district in northern Karnataka state, characterized by its distinctive shikhara, a superstructure, tower, or spire above the garbhagriha (“womb-room”), a small sanctuary housing the main image or …
Which of the following features of Indian temples resembles?
Which of the following features of Indian temples resembles pylons of the Egyptian temples? Notes: Buddhists, Jains, and Hindus have directed an almost equal attention to the Gopura or gateways o f their towns and temples. These, both in form and purpose, resemble the pylons of the Egyptian temples.
Who built South Indian temples?
The whole of South India was ruled by Vijayanagara Empire from (1343–1565 CE), who built a number of temples and monuments in their hybrid style in their capital Vijayanagara in Karnataka. Their style was a combination of the styles developed in South India in the previous centuries.
What are the features of a Dravidian style of temple?
The features of the Dravidian Style of Architecture are mentioned below: The temple is enclosed within a compound wall. Gopuram: The entrance gateway in the centre of the front wall. Vimana: The shape of the main temple tower.
What was the main features of Dravidian style of temple architecture?
Initially, Mandap word used to indicate temple in Dravidian Style of Architecture. Slowly and steadily the Mandap became Rathas. The biggest Ratha was Dharamraj Ratha and the smallest was Draupadi Ratha.
How many temples are there in South India?
These magnificent architectural marvels are a must-see. South India is home to some of the most beautiful temples and the richest temples in India. These temples have different tales and hold religious significance. Tamil Nadu alone has around 33,000 temples.
What is the most important Speciality of the temple in south India?
Ramanathaswamy Temple, Tamil Nadu
The temple has many spectacles for one to behold. Designed in the Dravidian style of architecture, the temple also houses the longest temple hallway in India which has 4000 pillars. This Shiva temple in South India also houses a statue of Nandi, Lord Shiva’s bull.
Which is the biggest temple in south India?
The Srirangam Temple is often listed as the largest functioning Hindu temple in the world. The temple, located in Tamil Nadu, occupies an area of 156 acres (631,000 m²) with a perimeter of 4,116m (10,710 feet), making it the largest temple in India and one of the largest religious complexes in the world.