The Republic of India uses only one time zone (even though it spans across two geographical time zones) across the whole nation and all its territories, called Indian Standard Time (IST), which equates to UTC+05:30, i.e. five and a half hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Does India need multiple time zones?
India is geographically the second-largest country not to have multiple time-zones India stretches from 97 degree 25 minute East in Arunachal to 68 degree 7 minute East in Gujarat — almost 30 degrees of longitude which is more than enough to have two time-zones.
How many time zones should there be?
The world is divided into 24 time zones. The course of one day is broken down to the seconds and calculated to define the correct time of a particular place. However, it is not that easy. The 24 time zones, created in accordance to each hour of the day, are theoretically drawn vertically like longitudes over the globe.
Should India have two time zones explain?
India stretches 3,000km (1,864 miles) from east to west, spanning roughly 30 degrees longitude. … Critics of the single time zone have argued that India should move to two different standard times to make the best use of daylight in eastern India, where the sun rises and sets much earlier than the west.
What if India had 2 time zones?
Recently, the journal Current Science by the Indian Academy of Sciences states that if India has two time zones then it will not only save the Daylight but also increase the productivity. … The study estimated that if India has two time zones then India can save 20 million kWh annual electricity.
Which timezone is used in India?
Indian Standard time (IST) is the time zone observed throughout India, with a time offset of UTC+05:30. India does not observe daylight saving time or other seasonal adjustments. In military and aviation time IST is designated E* (“Echo-Star”). It is indicated as Asia/Kolkata in the IANA time zone database.
Which country has opposite time of India?
Nepal is 5 hours and 45 minutes ahead of GMT, because it sets the meridian of Nepal Standard Time at Gaurishankar, a mountain east of Kathmandu. The odd time difference between Nepal and India has resulted in a national joke that Nepalis are always 15 minutes late (or, Indians are 15 minutes early).
What is the weirdest time zone?
The weirdest time zones from around the world
- AFGHANISTAN TO CHINA. …
- ARIZONA, US. …
- TWEED HEADS TO COOLANGATTA, AUSTRALIA. …
- BROKEN HILL, AUSTRALIA. …
- EUCLA, AUSTRALIA. …
- THE CHATHAM ISLANDS, NEW ZEALAND. …
- THE RUSSIAN RAILWAYS. …
- SPAIN TO PORTUGAL.
Which country have most time zones?
Countries are ranked by total number of time zones on their territory. Time zones of a country include that of dependent territories (except Antarctic claims). France, including its overseas territories, has the most time zones with 12 (13 including its claim in Antarctica).
Why does Russia have 11 timezones?
As Russia is a huge country by area, it expands from east to west in northern hemisphere covering maximum part alone. … So Russia should also have a lot of time zone as it is similar to a number of countries united by area.
Why does India not have multiple timezones?
The time zones were decided on the basis of longitudes and were followed by all the regions around them. Calcutta was set at Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) or Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) +05.54, making it 24 minutes ahead of the current IST. Madras was set at UTC+05:21 making it nine seconds behind the current IST.
Does India need multiple standard time Upsc?
Now to answer the question Yes, India requires multiple standard times due to a time difference of around 2 hours between the easternmost and westernmost portions of the country. India’s huge longitudinal expanse is estimated to be around 30 degrees.
Does India need to have more than one standard time why?
Yes, India needs to have more than one standard time, because there is a time gap of about 2 hours between the easternmost parts to westernmost parts to westernmost parts of the country. … Hence, we need two or three time zones to clearly reflect diurnal changes.
What is the capital of India?
New Delhi, national capital of India. It is situated in the north-central part of the country on the west bank of the Yamuna River, adjacent to and just south of Delhi city (Old Delhi) and within the Delhi national capital territory.
Does India have summertime?
Japan, India, and China are the only major industrialized countries that do not observe some form of daylight saving. … Since the daylight hours are similar during every season, there is no advantage to moving clocks forward during the summer.
Why does China have 1 time zone?
China hasn’t always had one time zone. … But in 1949, as the Communist Party consolidated control of the country, Chairman Mao Zedong decreed that all of China would henceforth be on Beijing time for the purposes of national unity.