The Indian Ocean commerce was subject to many changes from 650 CE to 1750 CE. One major change was the increased involvement of the Europeans in the commerce of the Indian Ocean over time. There were also continuities, which include the use of the same trade routes.
Why did Indian Ocean Trade growth?
Indian Ocean commerce picked up in the era of classical civilizations due to the mariners learning how to ride monsoons and merchants generating a growing commerce. Also merchants from different classical civs move to where there is more trade and set up communities.
What increased Indian Ocean Trade?
Long before Europeans “discovered” the Indian Ocean, traders from Arabia, Gujarat, and other coastal areas used triangle-sailed dhows to harness the seasonal monsoon winds. Domestication of the camel helped bring coastal trade goods such as silk, porcelain, spices, incense, and ivory to inland empires, as well.
How did merchants change the Indian Ocean Trade system?
As merchants moved throughout the Indian Ocean network, they established diaspora communities (communities of immigrants living away from their homeland). Through these diaspora communities, merchants introduced their cultural traditions into local indigenous cultures.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect technology?
Improvements of maritime technologies like lateen sails (the first triangle-shaped sails, allowing ships to be far more maneuverable), dhow ships and the astrolabe (an instrument that vastly increased accurate navigation by measuring the stars), helped sailors navigate safely and consistently throughout the Indian …
What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean trade took off and was so popular?
What are some of the reasons the Indian Ocean Trade took off and was so popular? They were seasonal and consistent. Monsoons would help carry ships from Africa to India between April and September. They carried ships back from November to February.
How did the Indian Ocean trade affect the environment?
European colonial exploitation of Indian Ocean resources resulted in the first clear evidence of the degradation of both the terrestrial and oceanic environments. Deforestation, cultivation, and guano mining have had undesirable effects on terrestrial ecosystems.
When did the Indian Ocean trade start?
The Indian Ocean Trade began with small trading settlements around 800 A.D., and declined in the 1500’s when Portugal invaded and tried to run the trade for its own profit. As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa.
Who dominated how Indian Ocean trade worked?
But despite this diversity, for the most part, especially on the Western half of the Indian Ocean basin, the trade was dominated by Muslim merchants. Why? Largely because they had the money to build ships, although we will see that in the 15th century, the Chinese state could have changed that balance completely.
What impact did the Indian Ocean trade have on the Swahili States?
As a consequence of long-distance trading routes crossing the Indian Ocean, the Swahili were influenced by Arabic, Persian, Indian, and Chinese cultures. During the 10th century, several city-states flourished along the Swahili Coast and adjacent islands, including Kilwa, Malindi, Gedi, Pate, Comoros, and Zanzibar.
What technology spreads through the Indian Ocean trade?
Indian Ocean Trade Network
Chinese invented larger ships and the magnetic compass, likewise added momentum of commercial growth. Larger ships meant more cargo and spices across the ocean and all over the world, and the magnetic compass to know which direction they are going.
What were the advantages that sea borne trade had over land based trade?
What were the advantages that sea-borne trade had over land-based trade? With sea-borne trade, merchants were able to sail without the need for protection from any state’s navy. Also, merchants could trade goods like cotton cloth, foodstuffs, and timber. All of these were too heavy to trade over land-based trade.
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.