Eri caterpillars eat a number of plants, including Kesseru. In India, it is grown in the states of Meghalaya, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and some small cities in other states. It has been grown in 28 provinces of Thailand since 1974.
Where is Eri silkworm found?
Farming. The eri silk worm is mostly found in tribal areas of Assam. It is a very long process which takes around 45 days in total. The growth of the worm itself takes 30 days during which it is continuously eating the castor leaves from the trees in the villages.
Where is Muga silk found in India?
Muga silk is a variety of wild silk geographically tagged to the state of Assam in India. The silk is known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellowish-golden tint with a shimmering, glossy texture.
Is mulberry silk made in India?
The most popular and renowned variety of silk produced in India is the mulberry silk. The states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Jammu and Kashmir are recognised as the main producers of this silk.
Is Eri silk expensive?
It comes from the Anthereae assama silkworm that thrives mostly on leaves of the Som tree, Machilus bombycina. Muga yarn is also the most expensive, costing upwards of Rs. 25000/- a kilogram.
Is Eri silk shiny?
Commonly silk cocoons are boiled with the worm inside to maintain one continuous filament, which results in a smooth and shiny fabric. …
Which state in India is leading producer of mulberry silk?
The states mainly producing mulberry silk are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, and Jammu & Kashmir. Among all these, Karnataka is the major producer of mulberry silk in India.
Which state in India is famous for silk?
The south Indian state of Karnataka was the leading raw silk producer, with over 8,276 metric tons of raw silk produced in fiscal year 2020. The Ramanagara district in Karnataka is the largest market for silk cocoons in Asia.
Which city is known as Silk City?
Pochampally ikat, is a sort of silk that was discovered in a community of Andhra Pradesh, Bhoodan Pochampally. Named as the “Silk City of India”, the town is known for giving the world a texture that can beat any other form of ikat in the entire nation.
How did silk come to India?
According to legend, about 140 bce, sericulture as well as silk had spread overland from China to India. By the 2nd century ce India was shipping its own raw silk and silk cloth to Persia. (Japan, too, acquired and developed a thriving sericulture a few centuries later.)
What is Indian silk called?
Raw silk also called ‘Paat,’ ‘Resham,’ and ‘Pattu’ in different parts of India is the most natural kind of fine fiber that can be weaved into various textiles simply and smoothly.
Which silk is best in India?
The most popular and renowned variety of silk produced in India is the mulberry silk. The states of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, and Jammu and Kashmir are recognised as the main producers of this silk. This silk is produced by the domesticated silkworm called Bombyx mori.
Which silk is only produced in India?
India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five kinds of silk namely, Mulberry, Eri, Muga, Tropical Tasar and Temperate Tasar. Among them, mulberry silk is the most popular variety, which contributes around 79% of the country’s silk production.
What is the rarest type of silk?
Lotus silk is one of the rarest fabrics in the world, but what makes it so expensive?
- Lotus silk is one of the rarest fabrics in the world.
- The threads need to be processed within 24 hours and so harvesting has to be done each day.
- Extracting enough lotus silk for one scarf can take two months.
What fabric is Assam famous for?
Commonly known as Assam silk, Muga, Eri and Pat are three types of silk produced only in Assam. When we talk about Assam’s silk, it’s not just the raw material; the art of weaving is also included. Together they make for a product that was, once upon a time, good enough to get royal patronage.
What are the four types of silk?
In short, there are four types of natural silk produced around the world: Mulberry silk, Eri silk, Tasar silk and Muga silk. Mulberry silk contributes around as much as 90% of silk production, with the mulberry silkworm generally being regarded as the most important.