Best answer: What were the reasons for the peasants of India being under debt?

With this new British rule for collecting tax, many peasants fell deep into debt. But there was also another reason why their debts kept increasing. It was because there was an increase in foreign trade and the export of agricultural produce.

Why were peasants under debt during British rule?

The conditions of peasants deteriorated under the British rule because the British were only concerned with the revenues of the state. They did nothing to improve the condition of agricultural land. The government levied high taxes on land. The revenues were generally not reduced even during droughts, floods etc.

Why did Indian farmers become poor under the British?

Answer: Farmers began a cycle of debt that led to poverty as they were expected to give a majority of their crops to the landlord. The landlord, in turn was expected to forward the profits to the British government. The British management of the Indian agricultural economy had a crippling effect.

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Why were peasants unhappy in the countryside?

The peasants were unhappy because they were forced to grow only cash crops , leading to shortage of food crops. Hope this helps.

How were peasants affected by the revenue policies of the British?

The policies on land by Britishers affected the life of the peasants by taking away their land when they were not able to fulfil their requirements. Explanation: After getting Diwani rights from the Mughal emperor for Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa in 1765, they began to introduce new land policies to gain revenues.

Why did the peasants borrow money from money lenders?

Peasants borrow money from monelenders to pay land revenue. The britishers introduced a revenue system in which peasants have to pay high amount of land revenue or their land will be taken away from them. … they used oppressive method to collect land revenue and force the peasants to borrow money from moneylenders.

Why does the debt keep increasing for the peasants?

With this new British rule for collecting tax, many peasants fell deep into debt. But there was also another reason why their debts kept increasing. It was because there was an increase in foreign trade and the export of agricultural produce.

What were the reasons for the success of British in India?

The reasons which led to the success of British in India:

  • The British had superior weaponry and military tactics and professional training.
  • They were excellent administrators and negotiators. …
  • They were a superior naval power.
  • lack of nationalism among the Indians.
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What was the reason behind the decay of handicraft industry in India?

Under discriminatory tariff policy, there was no duty on the export of goods from India and import of British finished goods to India. But heavy duty was placed on the export of handicrafts. So Indian handicrafts stalled looking both domestic and export market. It led to the decay of Indian handicrafts.

How did Britishers destroy Indian agriculture?

The growth of minimum of subsistence crops led to the deterioration and impoverishment of the Indian agriculture and the cultivators. … The lack of attention in the development of agriculture and in use of new equipments and methods on the part of the British government also ruined Indian agriculture.

Why were peasants and Sepoys unhappy under the British rule?

Peasants and Zamindars were unhappy because of the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. Failed to pay loans so lost their lands . The Indian Sepoys were discontent about their pay, allowance and conditions of service. … The anger of the peasants quickly spread among the Sepoys.

What was the main cause of the peasants revolt?

Peasants’ Revolt, also called Wat Tyler’s Rebellion, (1381), first great popular rebellion in English history. Its immediate cause was the imposition of the unpopular poll tax of 1380, which brought to a head the economic discontent that had been growing since the middle of the century.

What did the peasants want in the peasants Revolt?

The Peasants’ Revolt was a popular uprising. In its demands for rights and equality, it was similar to the Chartists of the 19th century and the Suffragettes of the 20th century – both of whom campaigned for greater political rights – except that, remarkably, the Peasants’ Revolt happened six centuries earlier!

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How did the peasants of India become economically poor?

The loss and overcrowding of land caused by de-industrialisation and lack of modern industry compelled the landless peasants and ruined artisans and handicraftsmen to become either tenants of the moneylenders and zamindars by paying rack-rent or agricultural labourers at starvation wages.

What were the reasons for resentment among the peasants and zamindars?

In the countryside peasants and zamindars resented the high taxes and the rigid methods of revenue collection. Many failed to pay back their loans to the moneylenders and gradually lost the lands they had tilled for generations. The Indian sepoys in the employ of the Company also had reasons for discontent.

How did British policies affect the Indian peasants and agriculture?

British policies and how they impacted rural landscape: High land revenue- Extraction of high revenue under all three systems led to growth of poverty and deterioration of agriculture. … Changed land use- With increased need of infrastructure development, agriculture and forest lands were cleared.