Which is the earliest example of Indian architecture?
Such a tradition is extremely clear in the case of the earliest-known examples of rock-cut architecture, the state-sponsored Barabar caves in Bihar, personally dedicated by Ashoka circa 250 BCE.
What was one of the greatest ancient Indian architectural achievements?
The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, is a white marble mausoleum constructed between 1632 and 1648 in memory of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The palace, which reflects the Islamic garden of paradise and was built by 20,000 men, is generally considered as the greatest accomplishment in Mughal architecture.
What influenced ancient Indian architecture?
The influence of Greek, Persian, and Egyptian culture was evident in some of the shapes and decorative forms. In the 3rd century BCE, with the reign of Ashoka and his interest in stone construction, the Buddhist school of architecture began.
How is Indian architecture a perfect structure?
Answer: Grandeur of construction, beautiful sculptures, delicate carvings, high domes, gopuras and extensive courtyards were the features of temple architecture in India.
What were buildings like in ancient India?
The walls of the homes were made of hand-formed baked bricks while the foundations were laid with sun-dried bricks. Instruments were used to ensure the exact vertical alignment of the houses. The interior and exterior walls were covered with plaster and often painted. The roofs of the homes were flat and made of wood.
Which is the sample of our great ancient architecture even today?
(j) Vijaya Stambha is the sample of our great ancient architecture even today. Kirti Stambha reflects how liberal the then administration was, which allowed people from other communities and kingdoms to come and carry out construction work in Mewar.
Which is the oldest stone structure in India?
The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the oldest stone structures in India, and an important monument of Indian Architecture.
|Type||Stupa and surrounding buildings|
|Location||Sanchi Town, Madhya Pradesh, India, Asia|
|Construction started||3rd century BCE|
What was the construction style and technique used in ancient India?
The common material used for the building construction were burnt clay bricks and lime mortar. The bricks were of a smaller size with a height of 2 inches, made in the temporary kiln constructed within the site. The pillars were also made with brick giving it its own shape, usually circular.
What were the major achievements of ancient India?
Ancient India was home to two of the world’s first cities, Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro. These cities had stone buildings, multiply stories, and sewage systems! India was one of the very first civilizations to use algebra and calculus. The number zero was invented in Ancient India by a man named Aryabhatta.
What are some ancient Indian achievements?
11 Ancient Inventions & Discoveries Of Science That India Gifted To The Rest Of The World
- Ancient Dentistry (7000 BC) …
- Ayurveda (5000 BC) …
- Ancient flush toilet systems (2500 BC) …
- Ruler (2400 BC) …
- Weighing scale (2400BC) …
- Plastic surgery (2000 BC) …
- Pythagorean theorem (700 BC) …
- Crucible steel (200BC)
What was common in the structures of the temples constructed during the ancient period?
Garbhagriha: It literally means ‘womb-house’ and is a cave like a sanctum. Mandapa: It is the entrance to the temple. Shikhara or Vimana: They are mountain like the spire of a free-standing temple.
What are the main division made for the ancient Indian architecture setup?
They are the Delhi or the Imperial Style and the Mughal Architecture.
What were the main features of Hindu architecture?
Essential elements of Hindu architecture are precise and harmonious geometry when viewed from all four sides and above, the square form and grid ground plans, soaring towers, and elaborate decorate sculpture which includes gods, worshippers, erotic scenes, animals, and floral and geometric patterns.
Which of the following building represents the colonial architectural pattern in India?
St. John’s Church, Fort William, Calcutta Cathedral in Kolkata or the Mutiny Memorial Church in Kanpur are some examples of the Gothic style of colonial architecture.