Best answer: How did cloves come to India?

Known as the “champion spice”, the evergreen clove tree ( Syzygium aromaticum), related to eucalyptus, is native to the Spice Islands or the Maluku Islands in Indonesia. … Clove was introduced in India by the East India Company during the 1800s along the Courtalam high ranges of the erstwhile south Travancore region.

How did cloves get to India?

Several sea voyages helped establish a trade route to India. By AD 1501, via the port of Lisbon, Portugal had large quantities of Indian spices such as cinnamon, cassia, ginger, pepper, nutmeg, mace, and cloves. The King sent trade missions to develop new markets for his spices throughout Europe, especially in Germany.

When were cloves introduced India?

The amazing thing is that the Maluku Islands are around 7000 km from Sri Lanka and people were shipping them in relatively simple wind powered ships, which means they must have been highly valued. “Clove is mentioned in the ancient texts of India, c. 800 AD and was known as the ‘divine flower’.

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Where do cloves come from originally?

Cloves come from the flower buds of an evergreen tree that is native to the North Moluccas Islands in Indonesia. Clove trees grow to about 26-40 feet and flower after about 6 years. The tree becomes fully mature in 20 years and can bear fruit for more than 80 years.

What do Indians call cloves?

Laung – Cloves. Dhania – Coriander. Kadi Patta – Curry Leaves.

Did cloves originate in India?

Known as the “champion spice”, the evergreen clove tree ( Syzygium aromaticum), related to eucalyptus, is native to the Spice Islands or the Maluku Islands in Indonesia. … Clove was introduced in India by the East India Company during the 1800s along the Courtalam high ranges of the erstwhile south Travancore region.

Is clove native to India?

The plant is indigenous to North Molucca Islands of Indonesia. It is also grown in Zanzibar, Madagascar, Malaysia, Sri Lanka and India. The tree prefers well drained rich soil with sufficient soil moisture throughout the year.

Where are cloves grown in India?

In India, clove is mostly grown in the hilly tracts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.

How are cloves produced?

The clove is harvested primarily for the unopened flower buds borne in clusters, which are dried to produce whole clove buds, i.e. the familiar spice of commerce. The other products of clove are ground clove, volatile oils produced from clove buds, stem or leaf and oleoresins.

Why do so many spices come from India?

The environment of India is perfect; heavy humidity, high rainfall, dry and hot weather favors the conditions for growth of different spices. Due to such a huge range of spices like turmeric, cinnamon, black pepper, clove, coriander and red chili, the taste of Indian food never changed.

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What countries use cloves?

The World’s Top Clove Producing Countries

Rank Country Production Value (tons)
1 Indonesia 109,600
2 Madagascar 10,986
3 United Republic of Tanzania 6,850
4 Sri Lanka 3,920

Which country is the largest producer of cloves?

Indonesia was the largest producer of cloves, with a production volume of 123,399.0 metric ton in 2018, accounting for global output of nearly 73.7%. Other largest producers of cloves include Madagascar, Zanzibar, India, and Sri Lanka.

Where do cloves grow in the world?

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a tree in the family Myrtaceae, Syzygium aromaticum. They are native to the Maluku Islands (or Moluccas) in Indonesia, and are commonly used as a spice.

How are cloves used in Indian cooking?

Cloves are used often in Indian cuisine for their rich flavour and spicy aroma. Your mum may put cloves in holiday treats like wassail, a warm spiced cider. But they’re also commonly used in a variety of Indian meat, rice and vegetable dishes. You’ll find ground clove in garam masala.

What are South Indian spices?

Here is a selection of the most essential South Indian spices!

  • Cardamon. Both green and black cardamom seeds are essential South Indian spices and are popular all over the region. …
  • Tamarind. …
  • Red Chilli. …
  • Black Pepper. …
  • Clove. …
  • Nutmeg. …
  • Cassia (or cinnamon)

What are the 7 Indian spices?

7 Essential Spices for Indian Cooking

  • Saffron. As Indian cooking spices go, saffron is one that isn’t quite common, but is certainly a necessity for certain dishes. …
  • Turmeric. …
  • Cumin. …
  • Nutmeg. …
  • Red Chili Powder. …
  • Coriander. …
  • Cardamom.
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